Design Details:
Critical Dimensions & Clearances

These illustrations show suggested minimum dimensions and clearances. In larger rooms, greater clearances are preferable. Building plans must be approved by proper authorities before you proceed with any construction. All of the furniture and architectural symbols shown are from the Home Quick Planner.












Living Spaces: living & family rooms, den & study
entry space: 3 ft. 6 in.
major walkway: 3 ft.
walkway passing furniture:
2 ft. 6 in.
limited access: (for example, path behind furniture) 2 ft.
path between low objects: (for example, between sofa and table) = 1 ft. 6 in.
foot space between chair and low table: 1 ft.

notes: conversation area = 10 ft. diameter
TV viewing angle 45 degrees










Dining Room
serving path & chair space: 3 ft. 8 in.
passage & chair space: 3 ft.
table width per person: 2 ft.


















Bedroom
dressing area in front of closet: 4 ft.
walking path: 2 ft. 6 in.
limited access: 2 ft.

note: minimum size 9 ft. by 9 ft. = for one twin bed (10 ft. by 10 ft. preferred minimum)













Bathroom
1/2 bath: 4 ft. by 4 ft.
full bath: 5 ft. by 7 ft. 6 in.
sink width: 2 ft. 6 in.
toilet width: 2 ft. 6 in.






Kitchen
counters: work area width per person = 2 ft. 6 in.
distance between parallel counters = 3 ft. 6 in. for one worker; 4 ft. for two workers back-to-back
sink: 2 ft. work area on both sides (or 1 ft. 6 in. to corner counter)
range: 1 ft. 6 in. work area either side; 3 ft. 6 in. in front
wall oven: 1 ft. 6 in. work area either side;
3 ft. 6 in. in front
refrigerator: 1 ft. 3 in. counter space on open side
dishwasher: 3 ft. 6 in. in front
writing/planning area: 2 ft. by 2 ft.
table to wall: 3 ft. chair & path space;
2 ft. = chair without path


Additional Dimensions & Clearances
closet depth: clothes closet 2 ft.; entry closet 2 ft. 3 in.
stair width: 3 ft.; scondary stair can be 2 ft. minimum (check with your building code)
hallway width: 3 ft.; 3 ft. 6 in. at entry
garage: one car 10 ft. by 20 ft. (12 ft. by 22 ft. preferred)
two car 20 ft. by 20 ft. (22 ft. by 24 ft. preferred)
piano bench to wall: 3 ft.
card table to wall: 3 ft.


Accessible Home Design
Suggested minimum dimensions and clearances. Larger sizes are often preferable. Design details should be thoroughly researched. Check everything with building codes.
entry space: exterior: 5 ft. by 5 ft. with roof coverage;
interior = 5 ft. by 5 ft.
interior doors: 2 ft. 8 in. clear opening
major walkway: 3 ft. wide
minimum access: 2 ft. 6 in. wide

one-car garage: 14 ft. 6 in. width
ramp: 1:12 maximum slope

kitchen
wheelchair turning space = 5 ft. diameter
sink: counter on both sides = 2 ft.; knee-space below
oven/cooktop/stove: counter on both sides = 2 ft.; pull-out shelf below oven
refrigerator: counter on open side = 1 ft. 6 in.

bathroom
wheelchair turning space: 5 ft. diameter
sink: 2 ft. 6 in. clear width; knee-space below
toilet: 1 ft. 6 in. to grab bar/wall; 3 ft. 6 in. clear width


Design Works Inc.
11 Hitching Post Rd. | Amherst, MA 01002
Email: info@homeplanner.com | Questions & order, tel. 413.549.4763
2005 Daniel K. Reif | About Design Works